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Our Lady and St. Patrick's Catholic Primary School Part of the Mater Christi Multi-Academy Trust

Communication and Interaction

Communication and Interaction


Communication and interaction refers to a child or young person’s ability to use and understand verbal and non-verbal communication techniques to show their understanding, explain their needs and reason in different situations. Communication happens when one person sends a message to another person either verbally or non-verbally. Interaction happens when two people respond to one another – a two-way communication. A child or young person who has difficulties with communication and interaction may receive support or intervention for:


Speech, Language and Communication Needs (SLCN)


Learners with speech, language and communication needs have difficulty in communicating with others. This may be because they have difficulty saying what they want to, understanding what is being said to them or they do not understand or use social rules of communication. Learners with SLCN may find it difficult to:

 Express themselves verbally using words or sentences

 Understand words that are spoken to them or follow instructions

 Play and interact with their peers in a social setting

 Develop relationships with their peers as easily as their peers

 Follow classroom routines which could then manifest into disruptive behaviour

 Develop literacy skills (speech, language or communication) at a similar rate as their peers

 Develop confidence and self-esteem


Further information can be found at:




Learners with Autism may find it difficult to:


 Interact with adults and their peers socially

 Use and understand non-verbal behaviours such as: eye contact, facial expressions, body language and gestures

 Understand the emotions and feelings of others

 Express an interest in their peers or instigate conversations

 Develop language skills and often repeat words or phrases spoken by others

 Adapt to changes in routine

 Express their own discomfort or satisfaction; they often show this by flapping their hands, twisting or flicking their fingers when they are angry or upset


Further information can be found at: